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Best Ubuntu Virtual Private Server Hosting

Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution. Like all Linux systems, Ubuntu is free and can be preselected when renting a VPS, so the vendor will install the operating system for you.

Not only since the end of Windows XP many PC owners are looking for an alternative to the operating system from Redmond. Linux should be the first choice among the Windows alternatives alongside MacOS, especially in terms of server environments.

Once the decision for Linux has been made, the question of the concrete Linux distribution arises. Then the name Ubuntu – the Linux distribution of the South African company Canonical, founded by Mark Shuttleworth – is often mentioned. However, the Ubuntu cosmos is huge, there are many different Ubuntu variants for special purposes. We present the individual Ubuntu versions.

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Ubuntu Server: For Professional Use On VPS

Ubuntu Server is intended for professional use. It competes with Debian, which is the technical base for Ubuntu. This is a selection of software from the Ubuntu repository that can be used to set up different server variants. Although a graphical user interface is possible, Ubuntu Server is operated by default via the console and a graphical user interface is not required – this reduces the software available on the server system, which can be exploited for attacks, according to the motto: What is not available cannot be hacked either. Ubuntu Server is also installed via a text menu without any graphical bells and whistles. However, a graphical user interface can be installed later.

New in Ubuntu 18.04: The Server Edition gets a new text installer with Ubuntu 18.04, with which you can install Ubuntu Server from the command line. It is called Subiquity and replaces the previously used Debian Text Installer, which at some points is no longer up to date.

Linux vps

LAMP System Set Up Quickly

However, setting up a powerful professional server is anything but trivial. Unlike installing the desktop version of Ubuntu, a number of additional options play an important role with Ubuntu servers, for example to get a raid system with Logical Volume Manager LVM up and running. Good: The administrator can choose from ready-made server packages, for example to quickly set up a LAMP (Linux, MySQL, Apache, PHP).

A LAN server with masquerading, DHCP server and DNS server if necessary is set up just as quickly as an NFS file server or an LDAP server. AppArmor is available for protection as well as the possibility to set up an authentication server with Kerberos. Ultimately, you can do all this with any other (Ubuntu) Linux, but Ubuntu Server makes things easier with its package composition.

In order to get along with Ubuntu Server, you need a sound knowledge of Linux consoles, especially the commands required for the Internet and network configuration. So Ubuntu Server is rather not suitable for beginners.

The LTS versions of Ubuntu Server and Ubuntu Desktop offer five years of support. This provides administrators with planning security and avoids too frequent updates or server restarts, which is particularly annoying, time-consuming and expensive in corporate environments.

Ubuntu Core

Ubuntu Server also included JeOS (Just Enough Operating System), a slimmed-down sub-version of the server designed for use in virtual environments such as Vmware. JeOS became Ubuntu Core Snappy in 2014. This further development is intended for use in cloud containers and for the Internet of Things (IoT). According to Shuttleworth, Cloud and IoT are the future of Ubuntu. Canonical wants to concentrate on that.

Ubuntu for Windows 10

Microsoft builds a subsystem in Windows 10 to run a Linux bash shell. With all command line commands of Linux. This Linux for Windows 10 is called “Bash on Ubuntu on Windows”.

Ubuntu is still one of the most popular Linux distributions for desktop use and is probably the best known Linux operating system worldwide. The PC and notebook distributor Tuxedo even pre-installs an adapted Ubuntu on its devices, even though Ubuntu had attracted fierce criticism a long time ago – with Ubuntu 12.10 – for example with the controversial Dash search functions, which also show hits from Amazon and other Internet services when search queries are made. This option can, however, be deactivated: Under System settings, Security & privacy, Search, deactivate the entry “Also process online search results”. You have solved this problem.

Gnome replaces Unity as Desktop

Another point of criticism for a long time was the special way with Unity, the desktop interface of Ubuntu. Unity had replaced the well-known Gnome. But Unity soon ran undisputedly fast and was functional, one could work well with this surface. All the more surprising was Mark Shuttleworth’s announcement that Canonical would discontinue Unity. Since Ubuntu 17.10 Gnome is again the standard desktop of Ubuntu. However, Canonical Gnome adapts so much that Unity users find it easier to find their way around. Gnome is also the desktop for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

Ubuntu Interface

Technical Features Of Ubuntu

Ubuntu is based on the proven Debian, but is developed much faster and trumps especially in hardware detection and usability. By default Ubuntu’s root account is disabled (but you can turn it on), instead you manage the system with sudo. The package managers used are the Debian-known dpkg and deb, for which there are convenient frontends. It has already been mentioned that Ubuntu uses neither Gnome nor KDE as menu interface, but instead uses the proprietary Unity.

Another Ubuntu feature of Ubuntu was Upstart as an init startup process. But Ubuntu said goodbye to this and switched to Systemd just like Debian.

Ubuntu Is Free Of Charge

Ubuntu wird kostenlos zur Verfügung gestellt. Hinter der Distribution steht Canonical, das Unternehmen von Mark Shuttleworth. Jeweils im April und Oktober erscheint eine neue Version von Ubuntu, die Versionen heißen demnach immer x.04 und x.10. Außerdem trägt jede Ubuntu-Version einen Codenamen, der aus einem Tiernamen und einem vorangestellten Attribut besteht. Neben der normalen Desktop-Version, für die mindestens neun Monate lang Updates erscheinen, gibt es im Wechsel auch die sogenannten LTS-Versionen (Long Term Support), die fünf Jahre lang unterstützt werden.

Im April 2018 erscheint mit Ubuntu 18.04 LTS wieder eine Long-Term-Version. Wer diese installiert, hat die Gewissheit, fünf Jahre lang Updates zu bekommen.

Im Oktober 2018 erscheint mit Ubuntu 18.10 die nächste neue Version von Ubuntu, die dann wieder nur neun Monate Support bekommt.

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